US PRESIDENTIAL DEATHS, SEASONALITY & LUNAR PHASE

God does not play dice. Albert Einstein


David McMinn
Independent Scholar

WORKING PAPER
Corrections and research suggestions most appreciated.
mcminn56@yahoo.com

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Abstract: The deaths of US presidents and vice presidents are commonly believed to occur randomly. However, this paradigm may be completely wrong, as various anomalies arise in the timing of these events. If you take the full listing of the 66 US leaders who have died to date, it will not correlate with lunar phase. However, excellent correlates can still be achieved, if you break this sample down into seasonal subsets (by month day, year ignored). The deaths of early US presidents can also be correlated with various Moon Sun factors. Additionally, US leaders with deaths in a certain season tended to have births in a certain season and vice versa. Successful and attempted assassinations of US leaders also occurred preferentially within 18/56 and 36/56 year grids. How the Moon and Sun could possibly influence the longevity of US leaders is unknown. Given the importance of seasonality and lunar phase in the findings, the answer probably involves the changing the angles between the Moon, the Sun and the spring equinox point. Other lunisolar influences may also play a role. Unfortunately, nothing more can be stated.


Keywords:
US presidents, US vice presidents, cycles, lunar phase, seasonality, 9/56 year, 18/56 year, 36/56 year, deathdays, birthdays,


Introduction

Births and deaths of US presidents and vice presidents are believed to occur randomly. Even so, some unusual anomalies arise for these events.
Of the first five US presidents, three died on July 4 (Independence Day) with two on the same date (Jul 4, 1826).
Of the first 22 US presidents, 12 died in June - July.
Of the first 22 US presidents, only one was born in the five months from May to September.
Of the 7 vice presidents to die in office, four died between November 21 and November 25.
Between 1840 and 1960, all 8 presidents elected in a 0 ended year died in office. Only one president has ever died in office outside this 20 year death cycle - Zachary Taylor who was elected in 1848 and died in 1850.

Taken individually, such findings may be easily dismissed as coincidence. When considered collectively, they raised suspicions that the deaths of US leaders may not occur by chance. The deathdays and birthdays of US leaders were therefore assessed for patterns and possible links to Moon Sun cycles. Lunar phase could not be correlated with the full sample of the 66 leaders who have died to date. However, this could still be achieved by breaking the raw data down into seasonal subsets (grouped by month day, year ignored). The deaths of early presidents were also found to correlate well with various lunisolar factors. The 9/56 year cycle was assessed with successful and attempted assassinations most often occurring in a 36/56 year grid. Some connection may exist between Moon Sun cycles and the deaths of US leaders, a finding that was both unexpected and inexplicable. Such an outcome would support the non-random hypothesis for the deaths of US leaders.

Moon Sun data was timed at noon (Washington DC) on the day the US leader died (daylight saving ignored). The ecliptic position of the noon Moon may be out by a few degrees, compared with the Moon at the actual time of death. Even so, this should not distort the findings in any meaningful way. Degrees on the ecliptic circle have been given as E and the angular degrees between the Moon and Sun (lunar phase) as A. This was to avoid confusion between two different concepts. The term season has been taken as a given period during the solar year and did not apply to the traditional seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter. Grover Cleveland served two terms in 1885-89 and 1893-97 and was considered by history to be the 22nd and 24th president. Even so, his data was only considered once in the assessment. Data for the US leaders were analyzed assuming that there was an even distribution of births and deaths over the solar year. Seasonal variations for the births and deaths of the US general population were difficult to obtain over the past 220 years and thus could not be used as a comparison.


Early US Presidents
Of the first five presidents, three died on July 4 (Independence Day), with two dying on the same date - July 4, 1826 (John Adams & Thomas Jefferson). Of the first 22 presidents (see Appendix 1), 12 died in June - July, which was much higher than the expected frequency of about 3.7. The propensity of June - July deaths for early US presidents could be less significant than would first appear, as one would assume that 19th century seasonal death rates had two peaks - one in winter (infectious diseases) and the other in summer (food poisoning and extreme heat events). However, seasonality did not show up for early presidential losers, who never won an election and who received at least 20 electoral votes (see Appendix 2). Why early US presidents died preferentially mid-year was unknown. Of the 17 presidents (excluding Grover Cleveland) who died after the 22nd president, only one had a deathday in June - July (Ronald Reagan - Jun 5, 2004).

Lunisolar correlates can be produced for early presidential deaths (McMinn, 2002).

Of the first 22 US presidents, 12 died with the Sun located between 70 and 130 E (approximates to June July), far higher than the probable 3.7.

When the first 24 presidents died, the Moon was sited in the half circle between 95 and 275 E on 20 occasions (significant p < .01) (Excludes Grover Clevelands second term.)

When the first 23 presidents died, 17 had lunar phase between 205 to 005 A, a range of 160 degrees, which compared with a likely 10.2 (significant p < .01).

Of the first 29 presidents, the first (George Washington) died in December 1799 and the last (William Taft) in March 1930, a time frame of about 7 lunar nutation cycles (18.6 yrs x 7). Some 20 presidents had the lunar ascending node (LAN) sited between 120 and 275 E (a segment of 155 degrees), which was in contrast to an expected death frequency of 12.1 (significant p < .01). NB: Grover Cleveland was only considered once in the calculations.

Importantly, significance was either weakened or extinguished by using the full sample of all presidents who have died to date.

Of the first 22 presidents, only one (John Quincy Adams) was born in the five months May to September (significant p < .001).
Significance at the p < .01 level could not be established for the ecliptic placement of the Moon or LAN at the time of early US presidential births. A similar situation applied to lunar phase.


The 20 Year Death Cycle

Between 1840 and 1960, all US presidents elected in '0' ended years were either assassinated or died of natural causes while in office. This 20 year death cycle has been appreciated for many decades. In an edition of Ripley's Believe It or Not, Ripley (1934) noted the coincidental 20 year pattern of presidential deaths between 1840 and 1920, with question marks inserted for the upcoming 1940 entry. This implied that there could be a continuation of the cyclic pattern, which was fulfilled when Franklin Roosevelt was re-elected in 1940 and 1944 and subsequently died in office in April 1945. Based on the 20 year death cycle, various astrologers correctly predicted the death of President John F Kennedy when he was elected in 1960. Similarly, it was expected that President Reagan would also die in office, which almost came to pass with an attempted assassination on March 30, 1981. This marked the end of the 20 cycle, as President George W Bush completed his full term in office with no serious threat to his life. Only one US president has ever died in office and was not elected in the 20 year death cycle. Zachary Taylor was elected to office in 1848 and died of a stomach ailment on July 9, 1850.

According to biblioteccapleyades.net, the 20 year presidential death cycle (excluding George W Bush) was shown to yield a significance level of 0.00004, using the Fisher Exact Probability test. This would confirm that the 20 year cycle was very unlikely to occur by chance. A mathematician, Michael Capobianco, applied a more conservative methodology and still produced significance at p < .01.

Table 1
THE 20 YEAR US PRESIDENTIAL DEATH CYCLE 1840-1960

Elected President

Died

1800 Jefferson

Survived. Died July 4, 1826.

1820 Monroe

Survived. Died July 4, 1831.

1840 Harrison

April 4, 1841. Pneumonia.

1860 Lincoln

April 15, 1865. Assassinated.

1880 Garfield

September 19, 1881. Assassinated.

1900 McKinley

September 14, 1901. Assassinated.

1920 Harding

August 2, 1923. Food poisoning.

1940 Roosevelt

April 12, 1945. Stroke, medical records missing.

1960 Kennedy

November 22, 1963. Assassinated.

1980 Reagan

March 30, 1981. Assassination attempt. Survived. Died June 5, 2004.

2000 G W Bush

Survived.

Anomaly: President Zachary Taylor was elected in 1848 and died in office on July 9, 1850.


US Vice Presidents

Of the first 28 leaders who served as vice president, 12 died in the 2.5 months ended July 31 (significant p < .01), thus repeating the finding for early US presidents. However, there was overlap between the two groups, as many leaders acted as both vice president and president. Taking all 66 US presidents and/or vice presidents who have died to 2013, 19 died in June - July (significant p < .01). None died in the 6 weeks to September 13 (significant p < .01).

Interestingly, 7 US vice presidents died in office, of which four took place between November 21 and November 25 (see Table 2). A seasonal distribution was also experienced for the 15 US leaders to die in office, with a clear emphasis on April 121 and November 2125.

Table 2
SEASONAL DEATHS OF US LEADERS TO DIE IN OFFICE

VICE PRESIDENTS TO DIE IN OFFICE

Vice President

Entered Office

Died

George Clinton

Mar 04, 1805

Apr 20, 1812

Elbridge Gerry

Mar 04, 1813

Nov 23, 1814

William King

Mar 04, 1853

Apr 18, 1853

Henry Wilson

Mar 04, 1873

Nov 22, 1875

Thomas Hendricks

Mar 04, 1885

Nov 25, 1885

Garrett Hobart

Mar 04, 1897

Nov 21, 1899

James Sherman

Mar 03, 1909

Oct 30, 1912

PRESIDENTS & VICE PRESIDENTS TO DIE IN OFFICE

Season

Total Number
US Leaders Died

Died
In Office

Apr 01 21

5

5

Nov 21 - 25

5

5

Jul 05 - Oct 30

12

5

DIED IN OFFICE BTN APR 01 & APR 21

US Leader

Birthdate

Deathdate

William H Harrison

Feb 09, 1773

Apr 04 1841

Franklin Roosevelt

Jan 30, 1882

Apr 12, 1945

Abraham Lincoln#

Feb 12, 1809

Apr 15, 1865

William R King

Apr 07, 1786

Apr 18, 1853

George Clinton

Jul 26, 1739

Apr 20, 1812

DIED IN OFFICE BTN NOV 21 & NOV 25

US Leader

Birthdate

Deathdate

Garret Hobart

Jun 03, 1844

Nov 21, 1899

Henry Wilson

Feb 16, 1812

Nov 22, 1875

John Kennedy#

May 29, 1917

Nov 22, 1963

Elbridge Gerry

Jul 17, 1744

Nov 23, 1814

Thomas Hendricks

Sep 07, 1819

Nov 25, 1885

DIED IN OFFICE BTN JUL 05 & OCT 30

US Leader

Birthdate

Deathdate

Zachary Taylor

Nov 24, 1784

Jul 09, 1850

Warren Harding

Nov 02, 1865

Aug 02, 1923

William McKinley#

Jan 29, 1843

Sep 14, 1901

James Garfield#

Nov 19, 1831

Sep 19, 1881

James Sherman

Oct 24, 1855

Oct 30, 1912

# Assassinated.



Lunar Phase

Lunar phase could not be correlated with the full list of 66 US leaders who have died to date. Excellent correlates could still be achieved, but only if the deathdays were broken down into seasonal subsets by month day (year ignored).

Of the 26 US leaders dying between January 18 and June 6 (see Appendix 3), 21 had lunar phase in the 095 to 275 A half circle (significant p < .01) (see Table 3). No leaders died with lunar phase from 005 to 095 A (significant p < .01).

Of the 25 US leaders to die between June 7 and November 18, 21 had lunar phase in the half circle from 235 to 055 A (significant p < .01).

For the remaining 15 leaders who died between November 19 and January 17, lunar phase was distributed with no significance.

Table 3
LUNAR PHASE & THE SEASONAL DEATHS OF US LEADERS

26 US Leaders Dying Btn January 18 & June 6

Lunar Phase A

Range

Number

095 - 275

180

21

Lunar phase angle of anomalies: 304, 338, 338, 342 & 003 A.

 

25 US Leaders Dying Btn June 7 & November 18

Lunar Phase A

Range

Number

235 055

180

21

Lunar phase angle of anomalies: 073, 143, 174 & 176 A.

 

15 US Leaders Dying Btn November 19 & January 17

No lunar phase significance established

 

29 US Leaders Dying Btn April 1 & July 31

Lunar Phase A

Range

Number

110 - 185

075

10

290 - 005

075

12

Lunar phase angle of anomalies: 040, 205, 216, 230, 244 & 261 A.


Some 29 US leaders died between April 1 and July 31 (see Appendix 3), of which 23 took place when lunar phase was in two ranges of 75 degrees 180 degrees opposite in the angular circle (significant p < 10-4) (see Table 3). Only one US leader had lunar phase between 005 and 110
A (significant p < .01). Andrew Jackson (040 A) recorded the inconsistent death on June 8, 1845. Importantly, April 1 July 31 represented the transition between the January 18 June 6 pattern (lunar phase emphasis in the 095 275 A half circle) and the June 7 November 18 pattern (lunar phase emphasis in the 235 055 A half circle).


Births & Deaths           
Of the 24 leaders who died between June 14 and November 19 (see Appendix 3), 22 were born in the 7 months ending April 30 (significant p < .001). The two anomalies occurred on August 27, 1809 and August 10, 1874. Of the 9 leaders dying between September 10 and November 19, 8 were born between October 5 and November 23, plus an anomaly on August 10, 1874.  

US leaders' birthdays were also listed by the month - day (year ignored). There were 22 US leaders born between July 4 and October 27, of which 20 died in the 6.1 months ended April 23 (see Appendix 4) (significant p < .001). The two death anomalies happened on July 4, 1891 and June 14, 1914.

These birth and death findings occurred in roughly comparable seasons. The first sample of 24 leaders dying between June 14 and November 14 had 22 births in the 7 months ending April 30. The second sample of 22 leaders born between July 4 and October 27 experienced most deaths from October 20 to April 23 (see Table 4).

Table 4
BIRTHS AND DEATHS OF US LEADERS

Season of Deaths

Total
Number

Born

Number

Birth Anomalies

Jun 14 Nov 19

24

Oct 01 - Apr 30

22

Aug 10, Aug 27

Season of Births

Total
Number

Died

Number

Death Anomalies

Jul 04 Oct 27

22

Oct 20 - Apr 23

20

Jul 04, Jun 14



Sharing Deathdays     
For the 66 US leaders who have died to date, the sharing of deathdays (month - day) was common. Four leaders died on July 4 (Independence Day), while two leaders shared the same deathday on January 13, March 8, June 1, June 4, September 14, November 18, November 22 and December 26. According to Wikipedia, there was a 99.9% probability that, in a randomly chosen group of only 70 people, a pair of them will have the same birthday (month - day) and presumably this would also apply to deathdays. With a sample of 66, it would seem very unlikely that one deathday would be shared by four leaders, with another 8 deathday pairs. This remained to be substantiated.


9/56 Year Cycle
The 9/56 year cycle consists of a grid repeating the intervals 56 years vertically (called sequences) and multiples of 9 years horizontally (called subcycles). McMinn (1986, 1993, 1996) presented a 9/56 year cycle in the timing of major US and Western European financial panics. This cycle was then extrapolated to major earthquakes (McMinn, 2011a, 2011b, 2011d), Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes (McMinn, 2011c), volcanic eruptions (McMinn, 2011d, 2012b). Firm correlates could be produced with the 9/56 year grid, after assessing historic catalogs in each of the respective disciplines.

A 9/56 year effect was hypothesised to be important in the timing of US presidential deaths. Alas, no correlates could be achieved, despite an extensive assessment. However, successful and attempted assassinations of US leaders were most likely to happen in a 36/56 year grid.
Of the 33 events listed by Wikipedia (see Appendix 5), 16 appeared in Table 5 compared with an expected 8.25 (significant p < .01). Unusually, three of the four successful US presidential assassinations clustered in Sequences 49, 29 and 09. Additionally, the complete 18/56 year grid in Appendix 6 also contained 24 murders and attempted murders of US leaders (significant p < .01).

Table 5
36/56 YEAR GRID: SUCCESSFUL & ATTEMPTED
ASSASSINATIONS OF US LEADERS 1830-2013
Year ending September 30

Sq
05

Sq
41

Sq
21

Sq
01

Sq
37

Sq
17

Sq
53

 

 

 

 

 

1833

1869

 

 

 

 

1853

1889

1925

 

 

1837

1873

1909

1945

1981

0330

1821

1857

1893

1929
1928
1119

1965

2001
0207

 

1877

1913
1912

1014

1949

1985

2021

 

 

1933
0515

1969

2005
0510

 

 

 

 

1989

2025

 

 

 

 

 

Sq
33

Sq
13

Sq
49

Sq
29

Sq
09

Sq
45

Sq
25

 

 

 

 

 

 

1841

 

 

 

 

 

1861
0223

1897

 

 

 

1845

1881
0702

1917

1953

 

 

1865
0414
1865
0414

1901

0906

1937

1973

2009

04??

1849

1885

1921

1957

1993

0413

 

 

1905

1941

1977

2013
0420

 

 

 

1961
1960
1211

1997

1996
1022

2033

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 56 year sequences are separated by intervals of 36 years on the horizontal.
The year of best fit is taken as the year ending September 30.
Includes successful and attempted assassinations of presidents and vice presidents as listed in Appendix 1.
Dates of various assassination attempts and plots have been highlighted in red, while successful assassinations have been denoted in blue. 
Source of Raw Data: Wikipedia. List of United States Presidential Assassination Attempts and Plots.


Grids based on 9/56 years correlate perfectly with Moon Sun. Any events occurring in the same 56 year sequence will have the lunar ascending node (LAN) sited a narrow sector of the ecliptic, WITH NO EXCEPTIONS (1st harmonic). Any events clustering in the 9/56 year layout will have the LAN in two sectors approximately 180 degrees opposite in the ecliptic WITH NO EXCEPTIONS (1st and 2nd harmonics). Any events clustering in the 9/56 year grid and occurring around the same time of year will have apogee sited in three sectors 120 degrees apart on the ecliptic WITH NO EXCEPTIONS (3rd harmonic). These patterns arise due to the very close alignment of several Moon Sun cycles at 9.0 and 56.0 solar years (
McMinn, 2011a). Lunisolar tidal harmonics were speculated to activate critical events clustering within 9/56 year patterns.



Discussion & Conclusions
The findings firmly supported the nonrandom hypothesis for the deaths of US presidents and vice presidents. Excellent correlates were established between:
*          the deaths of early US presidents and the ecliptic positions of the Moon, the Sun and LAN. Lunar phase significance could also be confirmed.
*          seasonality and the births of early US presidents.
*          lunar phase and the seasonal deaths of US presidents and vice presidents.
Additionally, those US leaders with deathdays in a certain season tended to have their birthdays in a certain season and vice versa. The 18/56 and 36/56 year grids could also be correlated with the assassinations (successful and attempted) of US leaders..

Lunar phase significance could not be produced based on the full sample of US leaders who have died to date. This could only be achieved by breaking the sample into seasonal subsets, thereby yielding valid correlates (see Table 3). Furthermore, successful and attempted assassinations of US leaders occurred preferentially in patterns of the 36/56 year grid.  

The outcome remained enigmatic and the key problem was to explain how the Moon and Sun could possibly influence the longevity of US leaders. Why did early US presidents die selectively in June - July? Why does lunar phase have relevance in the seasonal deaths of US leaders? Why do correlates arise between the seasonal birthdays and deathdays for US leaders? The significance associated with lunar phase and seasonality suggested that angles between the Moon, the Sun and the spring equinox point (000 E) were important in solving the mystery. Nothing much more can be stated. Other Moon Sun factors may also have a bearing LAN, the perigee - apogee axis (apsides) and diurnal cycles but they remain to be more fully explored. The golden ratio Phi (1.618) arises in Moon Sun cycles (McMinn, 2012a) and thus it may also play a role. Security threats to US leaders also take place most frequently in a 36/56 year pattern, which in turn may be linked to lunisolar tidal harmonics.

The unique US electoral process may have relevance to the findings. Presidential elections take place every four years in early November, with the winning president and vice president assuming office early in the following year (on March 4 until 1933 and on January 20 after 1937). No other country has maintained such electoral regularity over the past 220 years. Thus, comparisons with the deaths of leaders from other countries may be difficult, if not impossible.

According to the rational scientific paradigm, life comprises a myriad of random events with no rhyme or reason. The papers findings contradict this basic tenet, given the links between seasonality, lunar phase and the deaths of US leaders. There may be some overall pattern associated with the deaths, but this has eluded the author. The findings also raised philosophical issues in the destiny versus free will debate, an area of discussion best left to the foolish and the brave.

There are two options that may explain the anomalies discussed in this paper.
Coincidence. This was unlikely given the many correlates supporting the non-random hypothesis.
Unknown Causes. Seasonal and lunar phase anomalies do arise in the births and deaths of US leaders, which cannot be explained in terms of prevailing scientific paradigms.
The reader will choose one of these options in accordance with their personal bias.


References

bibliotecapleyades.net. Cycles, Earth Changes and Time (year & author not given).
http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/profecias/esp_profecia01i1.htm
Funk, J M. 1932. The 56 Year Cycle in American Business Activity. Ottawa, IL.
Infoplease.
Presidents. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0194030.html
McMinn, David. 1986. The 56 Year Cycles & Financial Crises. 15th Conference of Economists. The Economics Society of Australia. Monash University, Melbourne. 18p. Aug 25-29.
McMinn, David. 1993. Financial Crises & The Number 56. The Australian Technical Analysts Association Newsletter. p 21-25. September.
McMinn, David. 1996. Financial Crises & The Number 56. Cycles. The Foundation For The Study of Cycles. p 11-17. Vol 46, No 1. August.
McMinn, David. 2002. 9/56 Year Cycle: Financial Crises. http://www.davidmcminn.com/pages/fcnum56.htm      
McMinn, David. 2006. Market Timing by The Moon & The Sun. Twin Palms Publishing. 163p.
McMinn, David. 2011a. 9/56 Year Cycle: Californian Earthquakes. New Concepts In Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 58. p 33-44. March.
McMinn, David. 2011b. 9/56 Year Cycle: Record Earthquakes. New Concepts In Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 59. p 88-104. June.
McMinn, David. 2011c, 9/56 Year Cycle: Hurricanes. New Concepts In Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 59. p 105-111. June.
McMinn, David. 2011d. 9/56 Year Cycle: Earthquakes in Selected Countries. New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 60. p 9-37. September.
McMinn, David. 2012a. Financial Cycles: A Key to Deciphering Seismic Cycles? New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 63. p 15-36. June.
McMinn, David. 2012b. 9/56 Year Cycle: World Mega Volcanic Eruptions. New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 64. p 7-18. September.
Ripley, Robert. 1934. Ripley's Big Book Believe It Or Not. Simon & Schuster. 268p.
Wikipedia. Birthday Problem. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birthday_problem
Wikipedia. List of Presidents of the United States by date of birth.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Presidents_of_the_United_States_by_date_of_birth  
Wikipedia. List of Presidents of the United States by date of death.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Presidents_of_the_United_States_by_date_of_death  
Wikipedia.
List of Vice Presidents of the United States by age.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Vice Presidents_by_age
Wikipedia. List of United States presidential assassination attempts and plots. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_presidential_assassination_attempts_and_plots

Appendix 1
MOON SUN CYCLES & US PRESIDENTIAL DEATHS TO 2013

Rank

President

Died

Sun
E

Moon
E

Phase
A

LAN
E

1

George Washington

Dec 14, 1799

263

109

206

034

2

John Adams VP

Jul 04, 1826

102

095

353

241

3

Thomas Jefferson VP

Jul 04, 1826

102

095

353

241

4

James Madison

Jun 28, 1836

097

273

176

047

5

James Monroe

Jul 04, 1831

102

034

292

144

6

John Quincy Adams

Feb 23, 1848

334

205

231

182

7

Andrew Jackson

Jun 08, 1845

078

118

040

234

8

Martin Van Buren VP

Jul 24, 1862

121

097

336

263

9

William H Harrison*

Apr 04 1841

015

177

162

315

10

John Tyler VP

Jan 18, 1862

298

150

212

273

11

James Polk

Jun 15, 1849

084

017

293

156

12

Zachary Taylor*

Jul 09, 1850

107

109

002

136

13

Millard Fillmore VP

Mar 08, 1874

348

228

240

038

14

Franklin Pierce

Oct 08, 1869

195

239

044

124

15

James Buchanan

Jun 01, 1868

071

208

137

150

16

Abraham Lincoln*

Apr 15, 1865

026

256

230

211

17

Andrew Johnson VP

Jul 31, 1875

128

117

349

011

18

Ulysses S Grant

Jul 23, 1885

121

264

143

178

19

Rutherford B Hayes

Jan 17, 1893

298

294

356

034

20

James A Garfield*

Sep 19, 1881

177

135

318

253

21

Chester A Arthur VP

Nov 18, 1886

236

143

267

153

22

Grover Cleveland

Jun 24, 1908

093

046

313

095

23

Benjamin Harrison

Mar 13, 1901

352

264

272

236

24

Grover Cleveland

see 22nd entry for Grover Cleveland

25

William McKinley*

Sep 14, 1901

171

192

021

226

26

Theodore Roosevelt VP

Jan 06, 1919

285

340

055

251

27

William H Taft

Mar 08, 1930

347

084

097

035

28

Woodrow Wilson

Feb 03, 1924

314

296

342

153

29

Warren G Harding*

Aug 02, 1923

129

016

247

163

30

Calvin Coolidge VP

Jan 05, 1933

285

037

112

341

31

Herbert C Hoover

Oct 20, 1964

207

021

174

086

32

Franklin D Roosevelt*

Apr 12, 1945

022

025

003

103

33

Harry S Truman VP

Dec 26, 1972

275

177

262

288

34

Dwight Eisenhower

Mar 28, 1969

008

127

119

000

35

John F Kennedy*

Nov 22, 1963

240

310

070

103

36

Lyndon Johnson VP

Jan 22, 1973

303

172

229

286

37

Richard Nixon VP

Apr 22, 1994

032

169

137

235

38

Gerald Ford VP

Dec 26, 2006

275

353

078

350

39

Jimmy Carter

 

 

 

 

 

40

Ronald Reagan

Jun 05, 2004

075

291

216

039

41

George Bush VP

 

 

 

 

 

42

Bill Clinton

 

 

 

 

 

43

George W Bush

 

 

 

 

 

44

Barak Obama

 

 

 

 

 

* Died in office.
The Moon Sun data highlighted in bold falls in the following ranges (excludes Grover Clevelands 2nd term as the 24th president):
For the deaths of the first 22 presidents, the Sun was sited on 12 occasions between 70 and 130 E - a segment of 60 degrees.
For the deaths of the first 24 presidents, the Moon sited in the 95 to 295 E half circle on 20 occasions.
For the first 23 presidents, Moon Sun angles (lunar phase) between 205 and 005 A, a range of 160 degrees.
For the first 29 presidents, the LAN was found between 120 and 275 E, a segment of 155 degrees.
Abbreviations: LAN Lunar ascending node. VP - also served as vice president.
Sources of Raw Data: Infoplease. Presidents.
Wikipedia. List of Presidents of the United States by date of death.

 

Appendix 2
THE BIRTHS & DEATHS OF PRESIDENTIAL LOSERS TO 2013

Year
Elected

The Winner

Runner Up/s (a)

Runner Up/s Born

Runner Up/s Died

1789

George Washington

John Adams*

-

-

1792

George Washington

John Adams*
George Clinton

-
Jul 26, 1739

-
Apr 20, 1812

1796

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson*
Thomas Pinckney
Aaron Burr

-
Oct 23, 1750
Feb 6, 1756

-
Nov 2, 1828
Sep14, 1836

1800

Thomas Jefferson

Aaron Burr
John Adams*
Charles Pinckery

see 1796
-
Oct 26, 1757

see 1796
-
Oct 29, 1824

1804

Thomas Jefferson

Charles Pinckery

see 1800

see 1800

1808

James Madison

Charles Pinckery

see 1800

see 1800

1812

James Madison

DeWitt Clinton

Mar 2, 1769

Feb 11, 1828

1816

James Monroe

Rufus King

Apr 7, 1786

Apr 18, 1853

1820

James Monroe

John Q Adams*

-

-

1824

John Quincy Adams

Andrew Jackson*
Henry Clay
W H Crawford

-
Apr 12, 1777
Feb 22, 1772

-
Jun 29, 1852
Sep 15, 1834

1828

Andrew Jackson

John Q Adams*

-

-

1832

Andrew Jackson

Henry Clay

see 1824

see 1824

1836

Martin Van Buren

William H Harrison*
Hugh White

-
Oct 30, 1773

-
Apr 10, 1840

1840

William Harrison

Martin Van Buren*

-

-

1844

James Polk

Henry Clay

Apr 12, 1777

Jun 29, 1852

1848

Zachary Taylor

Lewis Cass

Oct 9, 1782

Jun 17, 1866

1852

Franklin Pierce

Winfield Scott

Jun 13, 1786

May 29, 1866

1856

James Buchanan

John Fremont

Jan 21, 1813

Jul 13, 1890

1860

Abraham Lincoln

John Breckenridge
John Bell

Jan 21, 1821
Feb 15, 1797

May 17, 1875
Sep 10, 1869

1864

Abraham Lincoln

George McClellan

Dec 3, 1826

Oct 29, 1885

1868

Ulysses S Grant

Horatio Seymour

May 31, 1810

Feb 12, 1886

1872

Ulysses S Grant

Harace Greeley
Thomas Hendricks

Feb 3, 1811
Sep 7, 1819

Nov 29, 1872
Nov 25, 1885

1876

Rutherford Hayes

Samuel Tilden

Feb 9, 1814

Aug 4, 1886

1880

James Garfield

Winfield S Hancock

Feb 14, 1824

Feb 9, 1886

1884

Grover Cleveland

James Blaine

Jan 31, 1830

Jan 27, 1893

1888

Benjamin Harrison

Grover Cleveland*

-

-

1892

Grover Cleveland

Benjamin Harrison*
James Weaver

-
Jun 12, 1833

-
Feb 6, 1912

1896

William McKinley

William Bryan

Mar 19, 1860

Jul 26, 1925

1900

William McKinley

William Bryan

see 1896

see 1896

1904

Theodore Roosevelt

Alton B Parker

May 14, 1852

May 10, 1926

1908

William Taft

William Bryan

see 1896

see 1896

1912

Woodrow Wilson

Theodore Roosevelt*
William H Taft*

-
-

-
-

1916

Woodrow Wilson

Charles Hughes

Apr 11, 1862

Aug 27, 1948

1920

Warren Harding

James Cox

Mar 31, 1870

Jul 15, 1957

1924

Calvin Coolidge

John W Davis

Apr 13, 1873

Mar 24, 1955

1928

Herbert Hoover

Alfred Smith

Dec 30, 1873

Oct 4, 1944

1932

Franklin Roosevelt

Herbert Hoover*

-

-

1936

Franklin Roosevelt

Alfred Landon

Sep 9, 1887

Oct 12, 1987

1940

Franklin Roosevelt

Wendell L Willkie

Feb 18, 1892

Oct 8, 1944

1944

Franklin Roosevelt

Thomas A Dewey

Mar 24, 1902

Mar 16, 1971

1948

Harry Truman

Thomas A Dewey
Strom Thurmond

see 1944
Dec 5, 1902

see 1944
Jun 26, 2003

1952

Dwight Eisenhower

Adlai Stevenson

Feb 5, 1900

Jul 14, 1965

1956

Dwight Eisenhower

Adlai Stevenson

see 1952

see 1952

1960

John F Kennedy

Richard Nixon*

-

-

1964

Lyndon Johnson

Barry Goldwater

Jan 1, 1909

May 29, 1998

1968

Richard M Nixon

Hubert Humphrey
George Wallace

May 27, 1911
Aug 25, 1919

Jan 13, 1978
Sep 13, 1998

1972

Richard M Nixon

George McGovern

Jul 19, 1922

-

1976

Jimmy Carter

Gerald Ford*

-

-

1980

Ronald Reagan

Jimmy Carter*

-

-

1984

Ronald Reagan

Walter Mondale

Jan 5, 1928

-

1988

George Bush

Michael S Dukakis

Nov 3, 1933

-

1992

Bill Clinton

George Bush*

-

-

1996

Bill Clinton

Bob Dole

Jul 22, 1923

-

2000

George W Bush

Albert Gore Jr

Mar 31, 1948

-

2004

George W Bush

John Kerry

Dec 11, 1943

-

2008

Barack Obama

John McCain

Aug 29, 1936

-

2012

Barack Obama

Mitt Romney

Mar 12, 1947

 

(a) Includes all runner up presidential candidates who achieved 20 or more electoral votes.
* Presidential candidate served as US president at some stage in their careers.
Sources of Raw: The Political Graveyard. http://politicalgraveyard.com
Presidents of the United States. http://ipl.si.umich.edu/div/potus/

 

Appendix 3
DEATHDAY & BIRTHDAY OF US LEADERS TO 2013
Listed Chronologically By Deathday (Month - Day)

US Leader

Date of birth

Date of death

Sun
E

Moon
E

Phase
A

LAN
E

Deathday between January 18 and June 6
Lunar phase in bold occurred in the 95 275 A half circle

John Tyler

Mar 29, 1790

Jan 18, 1862

298

150

212

273

Lyndon Johnson

Aug 27, 1908

Jan 22, 1973

303

171

229

286

Nelson Rockefeller

Jul 08, 1908

Jan 26, 1979

306

284

338

170

Woodrow Wilson

Dec 28, 1856

Feb 03, 1924

314

296

342

153

Charles Curtis

Jan 25, 1860

Feb 08, 1936

319

153

194

281

John Q Adams

Jul 11, 1767

Feb 23, 1848

334

205

231

182

William H Taft

Sep 15, 1857

Mar 08, 1930

347

084

097

035

Millard Fillmore

Jan 07, 1800

Mar 08, 1874

348

238

240

038

Benjamin Harrison

Aug 20, 1833

Mar 13, 1901

352

264

272

236

Dwight Eisenhower

Oct 14, 1890

Mar 28, 1969

008

127

119

000

John Calhoun

Mar 18, 1782

Mar 31, 1850

011

237

226

141

William Harrison*

Feb 09, 1773

Apr 04 1841

015

177

162

315

Franklin Roosevelt*

Jan 30, 1882

Apr 12, 1945

022

025

003

103

Abraham Lincoln*

Feb 12, 1809

Apr 15, 1865

026

256

230

211

William R King*

Apr 07, 1786

Apr 18, 1853

028

142

114

082

George Clinton*

Jul 26, 1739

Apr 20, 1812

030

145

115

155

Richard Nixon

Jan 09, 1913

Apr 22, 1994

032

169

137

235

Charles Dawes

Aug 27, 1865

Apr 23, 1951

033

238

205

347

Alben Barkley

Nov 24, 1877

Apr 30, 1956

040

284

244

250

Levi P Morton

May 16, 1824

May 16, 1920

056

034

338

225

John Breckinridge

Jan 16, 1821

May 17, 1875

056

207

151

015

James Buchanan

Apr 23, 1791

Jun 01, 1868

071

208

137

150

Thomas Marshall

Mar 14, 1854

Jun 01, 1925

071

182

111

128

William Wheeler

Jun 30, 1819

Jun 04, 1887

074

237

163

142

Charles Fairbanks

May 11, 1852

Jun 04, 1918

073

017

304

263

Ronald Reagan

Feb 06, 1911

Jun 05, 2004

075

291

216

039

Deathday between June 7 and November 18
Lunar phase in bold occurred in the 235 - 55 A half circle

Andrew Jackson

Mar 15, 1767

Jun 08, 1845

078

118

040

234

Daniel Tompkins

Jun 21, 1774

Jun 11, 1825

080

025

305

261

Adlai Stevenson

Oct 23, 1835

Jun 14, 1914

082

343

261

340

James Polk

Nov 02, 1795

Jun 15, 1849

084

017

293

156

Grover Cleveland

Mar 18, 1837

Jun 24, 1908

093

046

313

095

James Madison

Mar 16, 1751

Jun 28, 1836

097

273

176

047

John Adams

Oct 30, 1735

Jul 04, 1826

102

095

353

241

Thomas Jefferson

Apr 13, 1743

Jul 04, 1826

102

095

353

241

James Monroe

Apr 28, 1758

Jul 04, 1831

102

034

292

144

Hannibal Hamlin

Aug 27, 1809

Jul 04, 1891

102

085

343

063

Zachary Taylor*

Nov 24, 1784

Jul 09, 1850

107

109

002

136

Ulysses S Grant

Apr 27, 1822

Jul 23, 1885

121

264

143

178

Martin van Buren

Dec 05, 1782

Jul 24, 1862

121

097

336

243

Andrew Johnson

Dec 29, 1808

Jul 31, 1875

128

117

349

011

Warren G Harding*

Nov 02, 1865

Aug 02, 1923

129

016

247

163

William McKinley*

Jan 29, 1843

Sep 14, 1901

171

192

021

226

Aaron Burr

Feb 06, 1756

Sep 14, 1836

172

217

045

043

Spiro Agnew

Nov 09, 1918

Sep 17, 1996

175

230

055

189

James A Garfield*

Nov 19, 1831

Sep 19, 1881

177

135

318

253

Franklin Pierce

Nov 23, 1804

Oct 08, 1869

195

239

044

124

Herbert C Hoover

Aug 10, 1874

Oct 20, 1964

207

021

174

086

James S Sherman*

Oct 24, 1855

Oct 30, 1912

217

095

238

011

John Garner

Nov 22, 1868

Nov 07, 1967

225

298

073

027

Chester A Arthur

Oct 05, 1829

Nov 18, 1886

236

143

267

153

Henry A Wallace

Oct 07, 1888

Nov 18, 1965

236

180

304

065

Deathday between November 19 and January 17

Richard Johnson

Oct 17, 1780

Nov 19, 1850

237

057

180

129

Garret Hobart*

Jun 03, 1844

Nov 21, 1899

239

110

231

261

Henry Wilson*

Feb 16, 1812

Nov 22, 1875

240

182

302

005

John Kennedy*

May 29, 1917

Nov 22, 1963

240

310

070

103

Elbridge Gerry*

Jul 17, 1744

Nov 23, 1814

241

011

130

105

Thomas Hendricks*

Sep 07, 1819

Nov 25, 1885

244

109

225

172

George Washington

Feb 22, 1732

Dec 14, 1799

263

109

206

034

Harry S Truman

May 08, 1884

Dec 26, 1972

275

177

262

288

Gerald Ford

Jul 14, 1913

Dec 26, 2006

275

353

078

350

George M Dallas

Jul 10, 1792

Dec 31, 1864

280

318

038

216

Calvin Coolidge

Jul 04, 1872

Jan 05, 1933

285

037

112

341

Theodore Roosevelt

Oct 27, 1858

Jan 06, 1919

285

340

055

251

Hubert Humphrey

May 27, 1911

Jan 13, 1978

293

354

061

190

Schuyler Colfax

Mar 23, 1823

Jan 13, 1885

294

265

331

189

Rutherford B Hayes

Oct 04, 1822

Jan 17, 1893

298

294

356

034

* Denoted those US leaders to die in office.
Abbreviation: LAN Lunar ascending node.
Sources of Raw Data: Infoplease. Presidents.
Wikipedia. List of Presidents of the United States by date of birth.
Wikipedia. List of Presidents of the United States by date of death.
Wikipedia. List of Vice Presidents of the United States by age.  

   

Appendix 4
BIRTHDAY & DEATHDAY OF US LEADERS TO 2013
Listed Chronologically By Birthday (Month - Day)

US Leader

Date of birth

Date of death

Walter Mondale

Jan 05, 1928

-

Millard Fillmore

Jan 07, 1800

Mar 08, 1874

Richard Nixon

Jan 09, 1913

Apr 22, 1994

John Breckinridge

Jan 16, 1821

May 17, 1875

Charles Curtis

Jan 25, 1860

Feb 08, 1936

William McKinley*

Jan 29, 1843

Sep 14, 1901

Franklin Roosevelt*

Jan 30, 1882

Apr 12, 1945

Dan Quayle

Feb 04, 1947

-

Aaron Burr

Feb 06, 1756

Sep 14, 1836

Ronald Reagan

Feb 06, 1911

Jun 05, 2004

William Harrison*

Feb 09, 1773

Apr 04 1841

Abraham Lincoln*

Feb 12, 1809

Apr 15, 1865

Henry Wilson*

Feb 16, 1812

Nov 22, 1875

George Washington

Feb 22, 1732

Dec 14, 1799

Thomas Marshall

Mar 14, 1854

Jun 01, 1925

Andrew Jackson

Mar 15, 1767

Jun 08, 1845

James Madison

Mar 16, 1751

Jun 28, 1836

John C. Calhoun

Mar 18, 1782

Mar 31, 1850

Grover Cleveland

Mar 18, 1837

Jun 24, 1908

Schuyler Colfax

Mar 23, 1823

Jan 13, 1885

John Tyler

Mar 29, 1790

Jan 18, 1862

Al Gore

Mar 31, 1948

-

William R. King*

Apr 07, 1786

Apr 18, 1853

Thomas Jefferson

Apr 13, 1743

Jul 04, 1826

James Buchanan

Apr 23, 1791

Jun 01, 1868

Ulysses S Grant

Apr 27, 1822

Jul 23, 1885

James Monroe

Apr 28, 1758

Jul 04, 1831

Harry S Truman

May 08, 1884

Dec 26, 1972

Charles Fairbanks

May 11, 1852

Jun 04, 1918

Levi P Morton

May 16, 1824

May 16, 1920

Hubert Humphrey

May 27, 1911

Jan 13, 1978

John Kennedy*

May 29, 1917

Nov 22, 1963

Garret Hobart*

Jun 03, 1844

Nov 21, 1899

G W H Bush

Jun 12, 1924

-

Daniel Tompkins

Jun 21, 1774

Jun 11, 1825

William Wheeler

Jun 30, 1819

Jun 04, 1887

Calvin Coolidge

Jul 04, 1872

Jan 05, 1933

G W Bush

Jul 06, 1946

-

Nelson Rockefeller

Jul 08, 1908

Jan 26, 1979

George M. Dallas

Jul 10, 1792

Dec 31, 1864

John Quincy Adams

Jul 11, 1767

Feb 23, 1848

Gerald Ford

Jul 14, 1913

Dec 26, 2006

Elbridge Gerry*

Jul 17, 1744

Nov 23, 1814

George Clinton*

Jul 26, 1739

Apr 20, 1812

Barack Obama

Aug 04, 1961

-

Herbert C Hoover

Aug 10, 1874

Oct 20, 1964

Bill Clinton

Aug 19, 1946

-

Benjamin Harrison

Aug 20, 1833

Mar 13, 1901

Hannibal Hamlin

Aug 27, 1809

Jul 04, 1891

Charles G Dawes

Aug 27, 1865

Apr 23, 1951

Lyndon Johnson

Aug 27, 1908

Jan 22, 1973

Thomas Hendricks*

Sep 07, 1819

Nov 25, 1885

William H Taft

Sep 15, 1857

Mar 08, 1930

Jimmy Carter

Oct 01, 1924

-

Rutherford B Hayes

Oct 04, 1822

Jan 17, 1893

Chester A. Arthur

Oct 05, 1829

Nov 18, 1886

Henry A Wallace

Oct 07, 1888

Nov 18, 1965

Dwight Eisenhower

Oct 14, 1890

Mar 28, 1969

Richard Johnson

Oct 17, 1780

Nov 19, 1850

Adlai Stevenson

Oct 23, 1835

Jun 14, 1914

James S Sherman*

Oct 24, 1855

Oct 30, 1912

Theodore Roosevelt

Oct 27, 1858

Jan 06, 1919

John Adams

Oct 30, 1735

Jul 04, 1826

James Polk

Nov 02, 1795

Jun 15, 1849

Warren Harding*

Nov 02, 1865

Aug 02, 1923

Spiro Agnew

Nov 09, 1918

Sep 17, 1996

James A Garfield*

Nov 19, 1831

Sep 19, 1881

Joe Biden

Nov 20, 1942

-

John Garner

Nov 22, 1868

Nov 07, 1967

Franklin Pierce

Nov 23, 1804

Oct 08, 1869

Zachary Taylor*

Nov 24, 1784

Jul 09, 1850

Alben Barkley

Nov 24, 1877

Apr 30, 1956

Martin Van Buren

Dec 05, 1782

Jul 24, 1862

Woodrow Wilson

Dec 28, 1856

Feb 03, 1924

Andrew Johnson

Dec 29, 1808

Jul 31, 1875

Asterisk denotes those leaders who died in office.
Sources of Raw Data: Infoplease. Presidents.
Wikipedia. List of Presidents of the United States by date of birth.
Wikipedia. List of Presidents of the United States by date of death.
Wikipedia. List of Vice Presidents of the United States by age.

 

Appendix 5
SUCCESSFUL & ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATIONS OF
US PRESIDENTS & VICE PRESIDENTS 1800-2013
Main reference -
Wikipedia

Successful Assassinations

Date

US Leader

Comment

Ref

Apr 14, 1865

Abraham Lincoln

Shot by John Wilkes Booth

 

Jul 2, 1881

James Garfield

Shot on July 2 and died on September 19

 

Sep 6, 1901

William McKinley

Shot on September 6 and died on September 14

 

Nov 22, 1963

John Kennedy

Shot by Lee Harvey Oswald

 

Assassination  Attempts and Plots - Wikipedia

Date

US Leader

Comment

Ref

Jan 30, 1835

Andrew Jackson

Richard Lawrence took aim but pistols misfired

W

Feb 23, 1861

Abraham Lincoln

Baltimore Plot.

W

Aug ??, 1864

Abraham Lincoln

President shot at while horse riding.

W

Apr 14, 1865

Andrew Johnson VP

Attempted assassination.

 

Oct 14, 1912

Theodore Roosevelt

Shot in the chest by .

W