NATIVE VINE SPECIES

Nimbin Plant Selection Guide

 


David McMinn


Exotic vine species are among the most serious weed pests, as they can climb up into the tree canopy and smother the whole tree and, in severe infestations, the whole forest. Thus a listing has been compiled giving a listing of vines, native to the Northern Rivers and south east Queensland. These should always be planted in preference to exotic species. Most of the native species can be easily propagated by seeds or cuttings.             


References:
           
Jones, David L.
Rainforest Plants of Australia. Reed Books P/L.1986.        
Nicholson, Nan & Nicholson, Hugh. Australian Rainforest Plants. Vols I, II, III, IV & V. 1985-2000.     
Williams, J B & Harden, G J. Rainforest Climbing Plants. University of New England. 1980. 1993.


Native Vine Species

Size

Growth
Rate

Comments

Richmond Birdwing Vine
Aristolochia praevenosa

Large

Fast once
established

This is a strong growing vine, which is the only food source for the magnificent, endangered Richmond Birdwing Butterfly. Planting this vine will attract these beautiful insects to your garden or rain forest planting. NEVER PLANT the alien Dutchman’s Pipe (Aristolochia elegans). The Birdwing Butterfly will lay its eggs on this vine, but the young caterpillars cannot eat the leaves and die. 

Water Vine
Cissus antartica

Large

Fast

This vine is too large and rampant for house gardens. In rainforest regeneration plots, they will scramble up small trees and smother them. Even so, they should be grown where possible as they are an important food source for various birds. They are best used for climbing over large, established  rainforest trees or Camphor Laurels.

Guinea Flower
Hibbertia scandens      Hibbertia dentata        

Med

Fast

Adaptable vines able to cope with harsh conditions. Attractive trumpet-shaped, yellow flowers. In the garden, it can be used as a ground  cover, scrambling shrub or vine, depending on the support given.

Bower of Beauty           
Pandorea jasminoides           

Large

Fast

The attractive flowers bloom over several months. Common garden plant. Must be pruned to keep under control. Needs well drained, moist   soils.

Wonga Vine
Pandorea pandorana

Large

Fast

The attractive flowers bloom over several months. Common garden plant. May need pruning to keep under control. Drought resistant. 

Zig-Zag Vine
Melodorum leihhardtii           

Med

Slow

A desirable vine to grow as it attracts various butterfly species. It has a bushy habit and may be grown as a vine or pruned as a shrub.

Native Wisteria
Millettia megasperma

Large

Fast

Rampant growing vine, with attractive blue flowers in  summer. Needs to be pruned regularly in garden situations.

Red Passion Flower
Passiflora aurantia

Med

Fast

Attractive flowers are produced profusely, but each one only lasts only a day.  Likes plenty of water in well drained soils.  Must have full sun for flowering and fruiting. Not a rampant climber, making it suitable for house gardens. 

Tecomanthe
Tecomanthe hillii

Med

Med

Very attractive native vine, with attractive flowers. Requires moist, well drained soils. Should be more widely planted.

Tetrastigma
Tetrastigma nitens

Large

Fast

This is another rampant vine, but can be used for screening in large gardens. It will need pruning to keep under control.

                      
Copyright. ©  2004. David McMinn. All rights reserved.