David McMinn

The 9/56 year cycle consists of a grid with intervals of 56 years on the vertical (called sequences) and multiples of 9 years on the horizontal (called subcycles). Most major US financial panics clustered in the 9/56 year cycle, including the upheavals of 1792, 1819, 1837, 1857, 1873, 1884, 1893, 1920, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1980, 1987, 1998 and 2007. Such trends, in turn, are firmly based on Moon Sun cycles, a finding that has been covered extensively in three market timing books and various papers.
This is a unique view of the business cycle, which hopefully you will find both informative and penetrating. Numerous correlates can be produced to support an intimate relationship between Moon Sun cycles and market outcomes. Since 2003, many academic papers have been published on a lunar phase effect in financial patterns (refs). It not a question of whether the Moon and Sun influence market activity, but to what extent. 

The 9/56 year cycle has been extrapolated to the timing of earthquakes (eg: California and World Mega Quakes) and hurricanes. In fact any event that is strongly influenced by Moon Sun tidal effects will produce an asymmetric distribution in the 9/56 year grid pattern.

J M Funk Originator of the 56 Year Panic Cycle 


Three books have been written on Moon Sun market timing, which are currently to be revised and updated.

By The Number 56
2006 Edition

By The Moon & The Sun
2004 Edition

Moon Sun Research
2006 to 2009

Contents         Summary

Contents         Summary





Last Modified: July 27, 2014

The following papers are presented for your interest to give you an outline of the 9/56 year cycle and the Moon Sun effect in financial and seismic activity. 

Corrections and research suggestions are most appreciated.

Papers - Earthquakes & Volcanoes

The papers published in the NCGT Journal may be downloaded from

9/56 Year Cycle: Earthquakes In The Pacific Rim of South America  

David McMinn
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal. To be published. September 2014

9/56 Year Cycle: Earthquakes in Japan, Kamchatka and Alaska  
David McMinn
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal. V 2, No 1. p 4-13. March 2014

54/56 Year Cycle: World Mega Quake Clustering
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal. No 1. p 1-20. March 2013

9/56 Year Cycle: 18th and 19th Century World Earthquakes
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 65. p 7-18. December, 2012.

9/56 Year Cycle: World Mega Volcanic Eruptions
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 64. p 7-18. September, 2012

Financial Cycles: A Key to Deciphering Seismic Cycles?
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 63. p 15-36. June 2012.  

9/56 Year Cycle: Earthquakes in Peru, The Philippines and Selected US States
David McMINN

New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter
No 62. p 26-50. March 2012.

9/56 Year Cycle: Earthquakes in Selected Countries
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 60. p 9-37. September 2011.

9/56 Year Cycle: Record Earthquakes
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 59. p 88-104. June 2011.

9/56 Year Cycle: Hurricanes
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 59. p 105-111. June 2011.

9/56 Year Cycle: Californian Earthquakes
David McMINN
New Concepts in Global Tectonics Newsletter. No 58. p 33-44. March 2011.

Financial Cycles

9/56 Year Cycle: Financial Panics

The Moon, The Sun & The Number 56

Fibonacci -Lucas Numbers, Moon Sun Cycles and Financial Timing 

The Great Panics of 1929 & 1987: The Moon Sun Parallels

The Benner Cycle, The Fibonaccis & The Number 56

Moon Sun Finance: Academic References

Moon Sun Finance: References in Technical Analysis

Man & Cosmos. A Theory of Endeavor Rhythms
Clifford, Charles Matlock. Development Cycles Research Project. 1977

The 9/56 Year Cycle - Earthquakes

9/56 Year Cycle: Californian Earthquakes

9/56 Year Cycle: World Mega Quakes  

9/56 Year Cycle: Earthquakes & Volcanoes

Moon Sun Seismology Academic References

9/56 Year Cycle - Weather

9/56 Year Cycle: US Hurricanes

Moon Sun Weather Academic References

US Presidential Death & Birth Anomalies

9/56Year Cycle: US Presidential Assassinations  

US Presidential Deaths, Seasonality and Lunar Phase


Names & Electoral Success


Moon Sun Finance: A New Paradigm?

Planned Obsolescence: The Ultimate Economic Inefficiency

Financial Paradigms


In 1984, I read with great interest David Williamsí book Financial Astrology. It proved highly stimulating and set me on a course of studying the business cycle. After much research, Williamsí work was found to be invalid. Although fascinating, the larger planets in the solar system could not be correlated with the timing of major financial crises or the business cycle generally. Thus, Williams' findings were negated as having any practical use in market forecasting. However, what did stand out was his coverage of J M Funkís 56 year panic cycle. This consisted of three sequences, in which major US financial crises happened every 56 years. In the 100 years to 1930, these three sequences contained 6 years, in which occurred five of the worst panics in US economic history - 1837, 1857, 1873, 1893 & 1929. Amazing! Ensuing assessments found that financial distress occurred quite regularly in grid patterns based on 56 years and multiples of 9 years. 

A causal factor precipitating the 9/56 year cycle could not be readily established. Major crashes and panics took place every 56 years - but why???? Traditional astrology was the initial area favoured, but it offered no satisfaction. No relationships could be proven between the planets and the 9/56 year panic cycle. Numerous other traditional factors were considered, such as sunspots and eclipses (as distinct from eclipse cycles), but these were equally unsuccessful. Finally, I noticed that, on the same date every 56 years, the Moonís north node was sited only three degrees further clockwise on the ecliptical circle. This was very intriguing and ultimately proved to be a gold mine for further analysis. Follow up research established numerous Moon Sun correlates with the 9/56 year cycle, major financial upheavals and peaks/toughs in the Dow Jones Industrial Average index. The 9/56 year cycle was then extrapolated to the timing of earthquakes, Category 5 Hurricanes and volcanic eruptions. The lunisolar tidal mathematics involved in these cycles remain unknown and accurate forecasting of critical events cannot be made based on current knowledge. This was very frustrating and I feel my efforts have been only partly successful. Hopefully, other cycle enthusiasts will take up the challenge where I have left off.

How well the 9/56 year panic cycle and the Moon Sun hypothesis hold up to the test of time remains to be seen. They need to be assessed by others in further studies and thereby vindicated or negated. It will be very interesting to see the outcome of this process. Given the radical nature of the Moon Sun effect, conservative elements in economics and the sciences will denigrate or simply ignore this theory, regardless of its intrinsic worth. So be it. Such responses are always evident in the face of radical theories that contradict the dominant paradigms. Alas, good conservatives are always slow learners. By definition, they cannot cope with new ideas, not even good new ideas. Conservatism should be seen for what it really is - a learning disability.

David McMinn Bio
David completed a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Melbourne in 1971 and subsequently was employed as a Minerals Economist in the ANZ Banking Group Ltd, a major Australian financial institution.
Since leaving this position in 1982, he has been conducting private research on the business cycle. The ultimate outcome was the publication of numerous papers on cycle theory, as well as the three books on Market Timing.

" The purpose of studying economics is to learn how to avoid being deceived by other economists."
Joan Robinson, Cambridge economist.

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